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Advantages and Disadvantages of Organic Gardening

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Organic gardening is a safer and healthier way to garden, both for the environment as well as for human beings and lower forms of animals. Organic gardeners avoid the use of synthetic herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers that contaminate the soil, air, water and eventually humans as well. They develop an understanding of ecological systems, and use a holistic approach to try and provide the best circumstances for their plants to grow with a minimum number of inputs.
With organic farming pesticide residues will not be present in the food that people eat.  It will guarantee better nutrition hence better health.  It can produce better-tasting wine. It has less environmental impact. There will be improved retention and availability of soil nutrients, increase in the population of organisms in the soil, increase in water holding capacity, all of which reduce vulnerability of crops to dry spells, farming in accordance with local conditions, water management and emphasis on local breeds (both seeds and animals). These improvements can bring back a particular region to the breadbasket status that it has long since lost.  It is not dependent on non-renewable resources which can signal food security beyond the local level. It also has certain financial benefits especially on the part of the farmer. Organic gardeners are able to live more harmoniously with nature.
On the other hand organic gardening has certain disadvantages.  For one thing, organic gardening require a heavy capital investment which is far beyond the ability of most small-scale farmers. Most of these farmers found themselves at the edge of hope unless they themselves are able to attract the interests of banks especially as regards greenhouse technology.
Another significant point for organic farmers who do not use pesticides is the danger of introducing diseases in greenhouse crops. But a new range of organic biopesticides, fungicides and organic fertilizers are available in the market nowadays. Also some farmers use plant extracts and ash to repel pests and to increase potassium levels in the soil. They make sure that no plants in the tomato family such as potatoes, capsicums or eggplant are planted near the greenhouse to avoid disease transfer and that anybody entering the greenhouse has to dip their shoes in a disinfectant solution to prevent any contamination that can introduce diseases to the crop. Now the potent danger is that it seems that all organic gardeners tend to grow the same crop as their fellow neighbors.  Take for instance, tomatoes.  When these farmers flood the market with tomatoes, the prices go down and their earnings go to nothing. Diversification in the range of crops in greenhouse production is very important because of the huge investment involved. Afterall, the advantages of organic farming still outweigh its disadvantages.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Organic Gardening

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